“While the current treatment of T2DM emphasizes drug treatment and a higher carbohydrate diet, the ketogenic diet is an effective alternative that relies less on medication, and may even be a preferable option when medications are not available.”
This study published in April 2019 also found evidence of the ability of a low carb diet to reverse type 2 diabetes. Further they found that even long-standing diabetes could be reversed by cutting the carbs.
“The 12-week individualized treatment intervention served to functionally reverse 26 years of T2DM, ameliorate two and half decades of chronic depressive disorder and empower/equip the patient with a new experience of hope and success.”
If someone with type 2 diabetes for 26 years can reverse the conditions with diet, you can be sure that you can too.
In that case, the subject also managed to treat her long-standing depression.
Another study found that the keto diet could be more effective in reversing type 2 diabetes than medical intervention.
They pointed out that there is a large body of evidence that points to the high-fat, low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet (KD) as being more effective diet in modifying diabetes.
By following the keto diet, the low carb consumption let to a shift from a carbohydrate to a lipid dominant metabolism.
In order to achieve a ketogenic state, carbohydrate intake must be restricted to about 10% of total dietary intake.
With the keto diet, carbs are restricted to 5% initially, so well within this range.
Protein and fat should make up ~20% and ~70% of the diet, respectively. Under these conditions, the body begins to upregulate lipolytic enzymes and bypass the dependence on glucose for energy.
In other words, when you eat a keto diet, your body will switch from using to glucose for energy to using it’s secondary metabolic pathway: burning fat for fuel.
It is this fat burning state which produces ketones and gives the keto diet it’s name.
When in ketosis, your energy needs are met either from the fat you are consuming, or the fat you have stored.
This means that your blood/glucose levels will remain stable.
This is due to the fact that your body has a steady supply of fat to metabolize for its energy needs.
This study also found that the keto diet was successful at reversing type 2 diabetes and also stabilizing blood/glucose levels.
They did however caution that due to how effective the keto diet was as lowering blood/glucose levels, patients on medication should seek medical help with changing their medication in line with their changing needs.
“In summary, the LCKD had positive effects on body weight, waist measurement, serum triglycerides, and glycemic control in a cohort of 21 participants with type 2 diabetes. Most impressive is that improvement in hemoglobin A1c was observed despite a small sample size and short duration of follow-up, and this improvement in glycemic control occurred while diabetes medications were reduced substantially in many participants”.
So what should you eat to reverse type 2 diabetes?
The keto diet should consist of no more than 5% carbs or 20 net grams of carbs each day.
You should aim for 20% of your intake to be protein, and 72% to be healthy fats.